Depth of field In Photography is the distance in a photo and its focus point. Shallow in depth of field is the focus point of a photo well the background is blurred. Good depth of field is the depth and length of a photo that is visual and clear with no blur. Some images appear to be sharp well some are meant to be captured out of focus. The closer the lens is on its subject the deeper the background. The three important things in depth of field when capturing your image is the aperture, the focus length and distance from the subject.
I like how this photo of the elephant was taken from a side angle facing slightly up when shot with the camera. And how the elephant is the main subject and then there’s the nature as its background. I think this image was meant to be in black and white, it looks really good. lol I don’t know why but photos that are taken in black in white evoke this feeling of sadness in me.
Composition is just simply a way to expose the key elements and subjects in a photo. The three main goals for composition is to draw attention to the main subject, to lead the viewers eye into and around the image and lastly, to eliminate distracting parts of the scene.
The first rule for composition is to include a focal point. This means to give your photo meaning and it offers the viewers a place for their eye to rest. An example for this is by asking yourself, what is the main point of the photo? What’s going to catch the eye? This is very important if you want a composition photo.
The second rule to composition is to ask yourself where you position the main elements in the scene. It will make it look balanced. It draws our eyes into the main point so you have to keep that in mind.
Another very important thing about composition is to balance the image diagonally. If you have your main element in a corner that isn’t going to be the first part people see and it won’t be a composition photo. It has to be balanced so it can catch the eye.
This reason for better composition is also very important. Shoot from a lower angle! It helps simplify the composition and it gives a unique viewpoint that most people don’t see. It’ll make the photo look more good.
Include Foreground Interest! it adds interest and ideas. It helps the photo give more depth, helping to lead the eye from the front to the back of the photo. It helps include more objects you want in the photo and it makes everything fit in.
Use Leading Lines! It helps lead the eye into the image. Including lines towards the main subject usually works better if they run diagonally rather than horizontally or vertically.
This one is another important one that every image should have. Fill The Frame! Your image will lack impact if the main subject does not stand out. Moving closer to your subjects draws out all the others ones so the eye can draw attention to the main purpose.
Leave Space For Movement. It is important to shoot a scene where if the subject is moving, leave enough space inside the frame so the eye to follow the movement. It works best.
Frame Your Subject… This is important because it involves objects in the foreground of a scene to create a frame around the main subject. As I said before. If there is something like doorways around the frame. It creates a perfect frame. It helps isolate the main purpose.
Break The Rules! Even if composition can prove useful, you shouldn’t let it involve around your creativity and how you picture it.